Who gave optimum population theory?
The optimum theory of population was propounded by Edwin Cannan in his book Wealth published in 1924 and popularised by Robbins, Dalton and Carr-Saunders.
What do you mean by optimum theory of population?
The optimum population is a concept where the human population is able to balance maintaining a maximum population size with optimal standards of living for all people.
What is optimum theory?
The optimum theory is based on two important assumptions: The proportion of working population to total population remains constant as the population of the country increases. 2. As the population of a country increases, the natural resources, the capital stock and state of technology remain unchanged.
What is the optimum population of India?
At the current rate of growth, India’s population is likely to peak by 2047 at about 1.61 billion and then decline to 1.03 billion by 2100. However, were it to meet UN Sustainable Goal Development targets, the peak would be earlier and see a population decline to 929 million.
What is the definition of optimum population as per Prof Dalton?
Prof. Dalton expresses the theory in the form of a formula which is given below: If M is zero, population is optimum, when M is positive, it is over population, when M is negative, it is under population. Therefore, optimum population is not fixed and a rigid one.
What is Cornucopian theory?
Definition of Cornucopian Theory (noun) Theory asserting environmental problems caused by a growing global population will be solved by human ingenuity and technological innovation.
What is the meaning of Malthusian theory?
: of or relating to Malthus or to his theory that population tends to increase at a faster rate than its means of subsistence and that unless it is checked by moral restraint or by disease, famine, war, or other disaster widespread poverty and degradation inevitably result.
What did Julian Simon believe?
Lesson Summary Julian Simon was a professor and economic theorist who claimed that resources were economically indefinite in his 1981 book The Ultimate Resource. This was a cornucopian theory, a belief that technology would improve with population growth and lead to new resources.
What is the population theory of Karl Marx?
Surplus population, according to Marx, cannot be compared with the surplus of the means of subsistence but with its condition of reproduction. Marx differentiates the surplus population into 2 kinds: the ancient population presses on the productive power, while modern productive power presses on population.
What is Ester Boserup’s theory?
Boserup argues that population growth is independent of food supply and that population increase is a cause of changes in agriculture. The principal means of increasing agricultural output is intensification. Boserup’s work has had a varied response from readers; other economists have been less than enthusiastic.
Who influenced Thomas Malthus?
Charles DarwinAlfred Russel WallaceJohn Maynard KeynesHerman DalyEdward Murray East
Thomas Robert Malthus/Influenced
Who is the father of the demography?
A corner of history: John Graunt, 1620-1674, the father of demography.
Who produced the theory of Surplices population theory?
Karl Marx (1818-1883) is regarded as the Father of Communism. He did not separately propose any theory of population, but his surplus population theory has been deduced from his theory of communism. Marx opposed and criticized the Malthusian theory of population.
What is meant by Optimum Population?
The optimum population means the best and the most desirable size of a country’s population. The optimum theory of population is based on two important assumptions. First, it is assumed that the proportion of working population to total population remains constant as the population of the country increases.
Who propounded the optimum theory of population?
The optimum theory of population was propounded by Edwin Cannan in his book Wealth (1924). The theory was popularised by Robbins, Carr Saunder, and Dalton. Robbins defines it as ‘the population which just makes the maximum returns possible is the optimum population or the best possible population’.
What is the difference between Malthusian and optimum theory of population?
On the other hand, the optimum theory is very practical because it regards an increase in population not only desirable but also necessary for the maximum utilisation of the country’s natural resources. (5) The Malthusian theory of population is based on the unrealistic assumption of the niggardliness of nature.
What are the criticisms of population theory?
The critics point out that the theory takes into account purely economic factors which determine the optimum size of the population of a country. This is one side of the picture. We should also consider the social, political and other non-economic factors.