Who initiated the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in?

Who initiated the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in?

Rotary International launched a global effort to immunize the world’s children against polio in 1985 followed by the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988. When the GPEI started, polio paralysed more than 1000 children worldwide every day.

WHO declared polio eradication?

In 1988, the World Health Assembly adopted a resolution for the worldwide eradication of polio, marking the launch of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, spearheaded by national governments, WHO, Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), UNICEF, and later joined by the Bill & …

When did Global Polio Eradication Initiative start?

In 1988, the World Health Assembly adopted a resolution for the worldwide eradication of polio. It marked the launch of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) , spearheaded by national governments, WHO, Rotary International, CDC, and UNICEF.

Which country is declared as the polio free by the World Health Organization?

Until polio is completely eradicated, all countries remain at risk of imported WPV, as has happened in a number of countries….Country – Year.

Afghanistan Cape Verde
ongoing 1988
Dominica India
1980 2011
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Pakistan

WHO eradicated polio in India?

The last case of polio in India was reported in Howrah, West Bengal on 13 January 2011. Since then, India has been free of the disease, officially receiving polio-free certification from the World Health Organization on 27 March 2014.

WHO funded the polio vaccine?

The World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF announced today that they have received grants totalling US$ 10 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop and introduce a powerful new polio vaccine – a critical part of the strategy to end poliovirus transmission worldwide by the end of 2005.

Which country was declared polio-free by WHO in 2020?

No wild polio, that is polio cases caused by the natural ‘wild type’ form of the virus, has been detected in Africa since 2016. On 25 August 2020, the continent was declared free of wild poliovirus. This leaves only two countries on the globe — Pakistan and Afghanistan — where wild polio is found.

Who eradicated polio in India?

Who introduced polio vaccine in India?

In 1995, following the Global Polio Eradication Initiative of the World Health Organization (1988), India launched Pulse Polio immunization program with Universal Immunization Program which aimed at 100% coverage.

Who was president during polio vaccine?

Just months after the vaccine’s success was announced, American President Eisenhower signed the Polio Vaccination Assistance Act of 1955, to ensure the vaccine would be distributed to the public.

Which organisation declared India polio-free?

World Health Organization
Within two decades, India received ‘Polio-free certification’ from World Health Organization on the 27 March 2014, with the last polio case being reported in Howrah in West Bengal on 13 January 2011.

What is the current status of the polio eradication effort?

The annual number of wild poliovirus cases has declined by more than 99.9% worldwide from an estimated 350,000 in 1988 when the Global Polio Eradication Initiative was launched. Of the three serotypes of wild poliovirus, type 2 was certified as eradicated in 2015 and type 3 was certified as eradicated in 2019.

Who is the father of polio vaccine?

On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.

Who funded polio vaccine?

GENEVA and NEW YORK — The World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF announced today that they have received grants totalling US$ 10 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop and introduce a powerful new polio vaccine—a critical part of the strategy to end poliovirus transmission worldwide by the end …

Which vaccine made in India?

COVAXIN® – India’s First Indigenous COVID-19 Vaccine. COVAXIN®, India’s indigenous COVID-19 vaccine by Bharat Biotech is developed in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – National Institute of Virology (NIV).

WHO introduced polio vaccine in India?

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