How would you describe the abdominal percussion sound?
There are two basic sounds which can be elicited: Tympanitic (drum-like) sounds produced by percussing over air filled structures. Dull sounds that occur when a solid structure (e.g. liver) or fluid (e.g. ascites) lies beneath the region being examined.
How do you document the normal percussion of the abdomen?
Documentation of a basic, normal abdominal exam should look something along the lines of the following: Abdomen is soft, symmetric, and non-tender without distention. There are no visible lesions or scars. The aorta is midline without bruit or visible pulsation.
What is abdominal percussion dullness?
Dullness is typically heard over fluid or solid organs such as the liver or spleen, which can be used to determine the margins of the liver and spleen. This can help with estimating the size of these organs and can help to identify organomegaly (i.e., enlarged organs).
What are the abdominal percussion sounds normal and abnormal?
Normal findings might be documented as: “General tympany with scattered dullness heard in all quadrants. Dullness heard in upper right quadrant over the liver.” Abnormal findings might be documented as: “Dullness heard in left lower quadrant with general tympany and scattered dullness in all other quadrants.”
What are the 5 percussion notes?
There are five common terms used to describe percussion notes in the physical examination: tympanitic, hyperresonant, resonant, dull, and flat.
When percussing the stomach which of the following sounds would most likely be heard?
When the stomach is percussed, the gastric bubble produces tympany, a high-pitched, drum-like sound. Dullness is a soft, muffled, thud-like tone heard when percussing over a solid body organ like the liver.
What is Hyperresonance percussion?
If the percussion produces a drum-like sound known as hyperresonance, it could indicate air has filled the space around your lungs and is prohibiting them from expanding fully. It may also suggest that air is trapped inside the small airways and alveoli (air sacs) of your lungs.
What is Hyperresonance to abdomen?
hy·per·res·o·nance (hī’pĕr-rez’ō-nans), 1. An extreme degree of resonance. 2. Resonance increased above the normal, and often of lower pitch, on percussion of an area of the body; occurs in the chest as a result of overinflation of the lung as in emphysema or pneumothorax and in the abdomen over distended bowel.
What causes Hyperresonant percussion?