What did Francis Drake discover?

What did Francis Drake discover?

He discovered that Tierra del Fuego, the land south of the Magellan Strait, was not another continent as Europeans believed, but instead a group of islands. This meant that ships could sail between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans around the bottom of South America (later known as the Cape Horn route).

When did Drake complete his circumnavigation?

Francis Drake’s circumnavigation, also known as Drake’s Raiding Expedition, was an important historical maritime event that took place between 15 December 1577 and 26 September 1580….

Francis Drake’s circumnavigation
Strength
Various ports & shipping 5 ships 169 men and boys
Casualties and losses

How did Francis Drake circumnavigate the world?

On December 13, 1577, Drake set out from England with five ships on a mission to raid Spanish holdings on the Pacific coast of the New World. After crossing the Atlantic, Drake abandoned two of his ships in South America and then sailed into the Straits of Magellan with the remaining three.

What is Francis Drake most famous for?

circumnavigating Earth
Sir Francis Drake is best known for circumnavigating Earth (1577–80), preying on Spanish ships along the way. Later he was credited for his defense of England by raiding Spain’s harbour at Cádiz in 1587 and (according to many sources) by disrupting the Spanish Armada in the English Channel with fire ships in 1588.

Who was the first person to circumnavigate the world?

Magellan
One of the most noted of Portuguese-born explorers was Fernão de Magalhães (anglicized as “Magellan”), who instigated and organized the first circumnavigation of the globe from 1519 to 1522.

Why was Drake’s circumnavigation important?

What was the significance of Drake’s circumnavigation of the world 1577 – 1580? Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world. This gave the English ships and sailors an excellent reputation. Even though Drake only return with one, the Golden Hind, out his five ships.

What is Sir Francis Drake’s treasure worth?

The total value of the treasure is estimated to be the equivalent of around £480 million in todays terms. Drake Viewing Treasure Taken From a Spanish Ship. Engraving by Friedrich van Hulsen, 1626 of the capture of the Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, AKA Cacafuego, the Spanish treasure-ship, by Sir Francis Drake.

Who was the second person to circumnavigate the world?

“ It would be another 58 years before a second circumnavigation of the globe was completed by Englishman Sir Francis Drake. Like Magellan’s expedition, only one ship survived the ordeal.

What was Sir Francis Drake biggest discovery?

Sir Francis Drake is best known for circumnavigating Earth (1577–80), preying on Spanish ships along the way. Later he was credited for his defense of England by raiding Spain’s harbour at Cádiz in 1587 and (according to many sources) by disrupting the Spanish Armada in the English Channel with fire ships in 1588.

What is Francis Drake famous for kids?

Why is Francis Drake famous? Francis Drake was an English naval hero and explorer who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world (1577–1580) and was vice admiral of the fleet that destroyed the Spanish Armada (1588).

What three things was Francis Drake known for?

Sir Francis Drake facts

  • Sir Francis Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe.
  • Drake was one of the first British slave traders.
  • Drake was hated by the Spanish who nicknamed him ‘El Draque’ or the Dragon.
  • Drake was buried at sea off the coast of Portobelo, Panama.

What places did Francis Drake discover?

He sailed to the West Indies and the coast of Florida and mercilessly plundered Spanish ports there, taking Santiago in the Cape Verde Islands, Cartagena in Colombia, St. Augustine in Florida and San Domingo (now Santo Domingo, capital of the Dominican Republic).

How did Francis Drake change the world?

Sir Francis Drake’s adventurous life was filled with many accomplishments. He played a major role in the destruction and defeat of the mighty Spanish Armada. This helped England to create a great empire in the New World. He also became the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe.

What did Francis Drake steal from the Spanish?

His biggest prize came in March 1579, when he seized the Spanish treasure ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción and liberated it of a dozen chests of coins, 80 pounds of gold and 26 tons of silver. Drake would eventually return home as the world’s richest pirate.

What does the Drake jewel represent?

The jewel symbolized the Queen’s recognition of Drake’s alliance with black people, working together for a common cause. Drake learned from his early mistakes and matured to become a major force against oppression. He also became a vice admiral.

Did Sir Francis Drake discover hidden treasure?

Drake’s circumnavigation was also a pirate expedition. His biggest prize came in March 1579, when he seized the Spanish treasure ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción and liberated it of a dozen chests of coins, 80 pounds of gold and 26 tons of silver.

What technology did Sir Francis Drake use?

Astrolabe
Astrolabe: One of the oldest navigation tools known, it allowed sailors to know rhe latitude of wherever they were. Cross Staff: Also measured latitude in relation to the distance of the sun, though more accurate for skilled sailors.

How did Sir Francis Drake impact the world?

What tools did Francis Drake use?

Astrolabe: One of the oldest navigation tools known, it allowed sailors to know rhe latitude of wherever they were. Cross Staff: Also measured latitude in relation to the distance of the sun, though more accurate for skilled sailors.

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