What is Jatropha oil used for?
Jatropha oil has been used in India for several decades as biodiesel for the diesel fuel requirements of remote rural and forest communities; jatropha oil can be used directly after extraction (i.e. without refining) in diesel generators and engines.
Is Jatropha oil toxic?
Though all parts of the plant are poisonous, seeds have the highest concentration of ricin and thus very poisonous . The adverse effects following consumption of seeds include vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and burning sensation in the throat.
What is Jatropha curcas seed oil?
Jatropha curcas oil contains a high percentage of unsaturated fatty acid, which is about 78–84%. This made the oils suitable for biodiesel production. However, the chemical compositions of the oil vary according to the climate and locality.
What is the English name for Jatropha?
Jatropha is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. The name is derived from the Greek words ἰατρός (iatros), meaning “physician”, and τροφή (trophe), meaning “nutrition”, hence the common name physic nut….
What is Jatropha and jojoba?
Jatropha and Jojoba are biodiesel crops in India.
Why is Jatropha curcas important today?
Jatropha curcas is known for various medicinal uses. Its antimicrobial, anti-cancer and anti-HIV activity has been well recognized. Because of its broad-spectrum activity, we investigated aqueous and methanol leaf extracts for cytotoxicity and its potential to inhibit hemagglutinin protein of influenza virus.
What is the common name of Jatropha curcas?
Jatropha curcas, commonly called purging nut, Barbados nut or physic nut, is a dioecious small tree or large shrub that grows to 20′ tall.
What are the benefits of growing Jatropha?
Following are the advantages of the Jatropha plant: High oil content. Small development period. Grow on good and despoiled soil. Grow in low and high rainfall areas.
What is the medicinal value of Jatropha?
What are the health benefits of Jatropha leaf?
Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) is a multiple purpose plant with potential for biodiesel production and medicinal uses. It has been used for treatment of a wide spectrum of ailments related to skin, cancer, digestive, respiratory and infectious diseases.
How do you extract oil from Jatropha seeds?
The extraction process of jatropha oil from jatropha curcas can be accomplished either chemically with solvents, mechanically or hydraulically using a press. Generally, extraction of oil using a solvent extraction technique is more efficient, and it obtains the maximum oil yield.
Are Jatropha leaves edible?
Although Jatropha curcas is generally considered a toxic plant due to the presence of phorbol esters (PEs), edible varieties exist in Central America.