Can you no-till soybeans into corn stubble?

Can you no-till soybeans into corn stubble?

Paul Jasa, Extension Engineer: Many producers no-till their corn and soybeans with the same planter in 30-inch rows. I prefer to no-till with the rows and use controlled wheel traffic, if possible. I usually no-till down the old row, cutting through the old stubble, and I don’t use any residue movers or coulters.

What do farmers do with corn stalks?

When corn stover is harvested intact (as opposed to the whole plant being chopped for silage, or the stover being left in the field by a combine), it can be cut and gathered by corn binders, which are reaper-binders designed specifically for maize. It can also be baled into large round bales.

Does corn need to be weeded?

Because corn is a warm weather-loving plant that dies in fall and requires warm soil to sprout in spring, corn patches are often overgrown with weeds and invasive grasses in fall, winter, or early spring. A weedy patch of ground must be prepared before planting corn if you want your plants to thrive.

How does a no-till corn planter work?

For no-tillers, the planter is the most crucial piece of equipment on their farm. It does the job of opening a slit in the soil, dropping in seed and closing the seed trench, all while managing residue efficiently in the field.

Can you plant soybeans with a corn planter?

It is important to place the soybean seed into the ground at a precise depth and in firm contact with the soil so choice of planting equipment is especially critical. A corn planter usually does a better job of planting than a grain drill, but soybeans typically yield about 5% less in 30-inch vs.

Can you no corn until corn?

Producers are planting more corn on corn, hoping to take advantage of the ethanol boom. They are using no-till production systems to improve their soil while conserving water. Without crop rotation, however, no-till corn on corn can be challenging, if not properly managed, especially with the increased residue levels.

What do you do with corn stalks at the end of the season?

Leaving the leftover stalks replenishes the soil with much needed organic material as well as serving as a cover crop preventing soil erosion during the harsh winter months. As humane hog farmers, we use these cornstalk bales for bedding during the cold winter months.

How do you grow corn for silage?

Key takeaways

  1. Plant between April 21 and May 6.
  2. Have a final stand of 33,500 to 35,500 plants per acre.
  3. Use row widths narrower than 30 inches, if possible.
  4. Minimize soil compaction during silage harvest and manure application.
  5. Rotate corn with other crops when possible.

How do farmers keep weeds out of their corn fields?

Crop rotation is the most effective form of cultural weed control used to minimize weed infestations. Crop rotation is planting different crops in succession on the same field — this aids in breaking up many pest cycles including insects, diseases and weeds.

When should I start spraying sweet corn?

Timing is critical. Spray when silks have reached their full length and began to wilt and turn brown (this is 5–6 days after 50% of the corn has begun to show silks). Earlier applications can interfere with pollination and lead to poorly filled ears.

Can you no-till drill sweet corn?

“The first few years I did some tillage, especially for early sweet corn. I didn’t like losing the soil health benefits of continuous no-till and cover crops just so I could plant early sweet corn. As I built up my confidence and the soil structure improved, I began no-tilling all of my sweet corn.

How deep do I till for corn?

Check planting depth when starting each field. In summary, corn should never be planted less than 1.5 inches deep, 1.75 to 2.25 inches is an ideal target, but depending on soil type and conditions, may be planted up to 3 inches deep without any effect on stand establishment.

How do you plant no till corn on corn?

The heavier residue of no-till corn on corn requires heavy-duty downpressure springs and extra weight on the planting units to cut through the residue and penetrate the soil to the desired seeding depth. Remember to set the planting depth slightly deeper as the depth gauge wheels will be riding on some residue.

Why not plant corn on top of an old row?

This makes the surface less uniform resulting in less uniform emergence. Emerging corn may leaf out under the residue, again making the stands less uniform. By planting beside the old row, the planter units don’t bounce over the old root balls and you don’t plant into the heart of the wheel track.

Is there any corn residue left in the fall?

“The soybeans are coming up, and there’s no residue left. It’s gone. We are looking for ways to get more residue out in fields because the corn residue breaks down too fast.” That is why researchers like Jasa and Richard Wolkowski, University of Wisconsin engineer, advise against flail or rotary chopping corn residue in the fall.

How deep do you plant corn on bare soil?

For corn planting, set the depth control for about a 2.5- to 3-inch planting depth on bare soil so that when the depth gauge wheels run on the residue and over the root stumps, you are still putting the seed into the soil to at least a 2-inch planting depth.

Related Posts