What are the different historical views regarding abnormality?
Prehistoric cultures often held a supernatural view of abnormal behavior and saw it as the work of evil spirits, demons, gods, or witches who took control of the person. This form of demonic possession was believed to occur when the person engaged in behavior contrary to the religious teachings of the time.
What are the perspectives of abnormal psychology?
Psychologists often look at abnormal behaviors through a number of different perspectives including the psychoanalytic, behavioral, cognitive, and medical approaches. Such perspectives can influence how a condition is treated, but therapists also often draw on techniques from multiple approaches.
What were the two major historical perspectives regarding the cause of abnormal behavior?
20th – 21st Centuries. The decline of the moral treatment approach in the late 19th century led to the rise of two competing perspectives – the biological or somatogenic perspective and the psychological or psychogenic perspective.
What are the 5 major perspectives of abnormal Behaviour?
The five major perspectives in psychology are biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive and humanistic. You may wonder why there are so many different psychology approaches and whether one approach is correct and others wrong.
What are the 3 historical views of abnormal behavior?
Historically, there have been three main approaches to abnormal behavior: the supernatural, biological, and psychological traditions.
How abnormality was viewed in the past?
It was believed that mental illness was caused by demonic possession, witchcraft, or an angry god (Szasz, 1960). For example, in medieval times, abnormal behaviors were viewed as a sign that a person was possessed by demons.
What are the perspectives used to explain the causes of psychological disorders?
The biological perspective views psychological disorders as linked to biological phenomena, such as genetic factors, chemical imbalances, and brain abnormalities; it has gained considerable attention and acceptance in recent decades (Wyatt & Midkiff, 2006).
What are the historical perspectives about mental illness?
The prevailing views of early recorded history posited that mental illness was the product of supernatural forces and demonic possession, and this often led to primitive treatment practices such as trepanning in an effort to release the offending spirit.
What is the historical background of abnormal psychology?
The Greek physician Hippocrates, who is considered to be the father of Western medicine, played a major role in the biological tradition. Hippocrates and his associates wrote the Hippocratic Corpus between 450 and 350 BC, in which they suggested that abnormal behaviors can be treated like any other disease.
What are the different approaches in explaining abnormal behavior?
Historically, there have been three main approaches to abnormal behavior: the supernatural, biological, and psychological traditions. Abnormal psychology revolves around two major paradigms for explaining mental disorders, the psychological paradigm and the biological paradigm.
Why is it necessary to consider multiple perspectives in explaining abnormal behavior?
Each perspective provides a window for examining abnor- mal behavior, but none captures a complete view of the subject. Many scholars today believe that abnormal behavior patterns are complex phenomena that are best under- stood by taking into account these multiple perspectives.
What is the humanistic perspective to abnormal behavior?
The humanistic approach says that abnormality occurs when people are not able to be their authentic selves. According to humanistic psychology, people can only be their authentic selves when their physical and social needs are met first.