What Australian city was founded in 1788 as a penal colony?
Seeking to pre-empt the French colonial empire from expanding into the region, Britain chose Australia as the site of a penal colony, and in 1787, the First Fleet of eleven convict ships set sail for Botany Bay, arriving on 20 January 1788 to found Sydney, New South Wales, the first European settlement on the continent …
What was happening in 1888 Australia?
1 July – “The Dawn: A Journal for Australian Women” first published by Louisa Lawson, in Sydney. 1 August – The Melbourne Centennial Exhibition is opened. 4 October – Princes Bridge, Melbourne is opened. 9 October – Launceston, Tasmania is proclaimed a city.
What historical events happened in Australia?
13 Historical Moments That Shaped Australia
- Arrival of the First Fleet. The First Fleet, commandeered by Captain Arthur Phillip, sailed into Botany Bay on 18th January 1788.
- Gold Rush.
- Eureka Stockade.
- Federation of Australia.
- Australian Woman Suffrage.
- Gallipoli Landing.
- Port Arthur Massacre.
- Cathy Freeman Wins Gold.
When did Tasmania allow homosexuality?
Gay Law Reform. In 1997 Tasmania became the last Australian state to decriminalise sex between consenting adult men in private. This fact taken alone suggests that gay law reform in Tasmania was remarkable for no other reason than it arrived so late.
Did Australia really start as a penal colony?
It’s true. Australia was originally established as a penal colony. The British established their first exile colony in New South Wales in 1788.
Why did England send the convicts to Australia?
The convicts were transported as punishment for crimes committed in Britain and Ireland. In Australia their lives were hard as they helped build the young colony. When they had served their sentences, most stayed on and some became successful settlers.
What happened in Australia in the late 1880s and 1890s?
The 1890s depression in Australia occurred after the land boom bubble of the 1880s burst. Overseas investment dried up, banks failed and unemployment soared. Relief societies were formed in many parts of the country to distribute aid to poverty-stricken families – generally of meat, bread and tea.
What was Australia called before Colonisation?
After Dutch navigators charted the northern, western and southern coasts of Australia during the 17th Century this newly found continent became known as ‘New Holland’. It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today.
Which country holds the record for the world’s largest pride parade?
The São Paulo Gay Pride Parade in Brazil is South America’s largest event, and is listed by Guinness World Records as the world’s largest Pride parade starting in 2006 with 2.5 million people.
Why were Irish convicts sent to Australia?
Some of those who were transported to Australia, were prisoners of war, mainly those who fought in the 1798 Irish rebellion for independence, others were settlers who could not find a life during the Irish famine and the harsh years in Ireland afterwards.
Was Australia a penal colony at once?
New South Wales, a state in southeast Australia, was founded by the British as a penal colony in 1788. Over the next 80 years, more than 160,000 convicts were transported to Australia from England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, in lieu of being given the death penalty.
What laws were introduced in Australia in 1895?
It was proclaimed to operate in South Australia from that date by gazettal on 21 March 1895….
|Long Title:||A Bill for an Act to amend the Constitution (Female Suffrage) [No. 613 of 1894] Reserved for Royal Assent, granted 2 February 1895.|
What happened in 1890s in Australia?
What happened at the 1891 Sydney convention?
At this convention, the delegates modified the draft produced in 1891. The draft Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Bill, containing the Australian Constitution, was endorsed by Australian electors in each colony at referendums in 1899 and 1900.