What is myeloma multiplex?
Multiple myeloma, also known as myeloma, is a type of bone marrow cancer. Bone marrow is the spongy tissue at the centre of some bones that produces the body’s blood cells. It’s called multiple myeloma as the cancer often affects several areas of the body, such as the spine, skull, pelvis and ribs.
What is the survival rate for multiple myeloma?
Survival rates tell you what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed….5-year relative survival rates for myeloma.
|SEER stage||5-year relative survival rate|
|Distant (multiple myeloma)||55%|
|All SEER stages combined||56%|
Can Stage 4 multiple myeloma be cured?
There’s no cure for multiple myeloma, but treatment can bring it into remission, meaning you don’t have any sign of the disease. The same tests your doctor uses to know if you have multiple myeloma will also help them tell what stage it’s in. They include: Blood tests.
Can you live a long life with multiple myeloma?
Apart from ongoing monitoring, most myeloma patients are able to live fairly normal lives, with few restrictions on low-impact exercise and other activity.
Who is most likely to get multiple myeloma?
The risk of developing multiple myeloma goes up as people get older. Less than 1% of cases are diagnosed in people younger than 35. Most people diagnosed with this cancer are at least 65 years old.
Does myeloma spread quickly?
Unlike many cancers, multiple myeloma appears to spread via the bloodstream. It can reach different parts of the body quickly, making it hard to treat. Multiple myeloma is a type of plasma cell neoplasm. Other examples include monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and plasmacytoma.
What can trigger multiple myeloma?
Exposure to toxic chemicals, atomic radiation, anything that interferes with the immune system, or infection with cancer-causing viruses have all been implicated as causes or triggers of myeloma. Toxic chemicals that have been identified include: benzene. dioxins (such as those found in Agent Orange)