Which plant part of santalum album is used?
S. album has been the primary source of sandalwood and the derived oil. These often hold an important place within the societies of its naturalised distribution range. The central part of the tree, the heartwood, is the only part of the tree that is used for its fragrance.
Is sandalwood tree parasite?
Sandalwood is a parasitic plant deriving its nutritional requirement from other plants. It has modified roots called haustoria which penetrate host plants and draw nutrition from them.
Is sandalwood a medicinal plant?
White sandalwood is used for treating the common cold, cough, bronchitis, fever, and sore mouth and throat. It is also used to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs), liver disease, gallbladder problems, heatstroke, gonorrhea, headache, and conditions of the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease).
Why red sandal is costly?
Facing severe threats of exploitation and poor regeneration, Red Sanders is a pretty rare wood, which makes it very expensive. The current market value per tonne of this timber is between Rs 80 lakh and Rs 1 crore, but can even go up to Rs 2 crore.
What does sandal wood mean?
Definition of sandalwood 1 : the compact close-grained fragrant yellowish heartwood of a parasitic tree (Santalum album of the family Santalaceae, the sandalwood family) of southern Asia much used in ornamental carving and cabinetwork also : the tree that yields this wood.
What is Santalum album wood oil?
Sandalwood album oil (SAO), also known as East Indian sandalwood oil (EISO), is an essential oil distilled from the Santalum album tree and has demonstrated biological activity as an anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and anti-proliferative agent.
What is the chemical composition of sandalwood oil?
The main compound of the oil was the oxygenated terpene santalol (52.83%). The other main compounds of the essential oil were α-bergamotol (10.18%), nuciferol (7.07%), γ-elemene (3.64%), cis-lanceol (2.74%) and α-cedrol (2.65%).
Can you eat sandalwood?
Sandalwood trees can be found in the woodlands and shrublands of southern WA and SA. The fruits are golden brown, 15-20mm in size, with a thin flesh that may be enjoyed fresh or fried. The creamy, soft nuts inside can be eaten raw, roasted or crushed and used in cooking.
Why is Chandan illegal?
The bark contains tannin, which is used for dye. Because S. album is highly valued in India and uncontrolled harvesting have cause populations to dwindle in recent years, India has imposed an export ban on Sandalwood and instated conservation measures to protect the species in the country.
How do I know if my sandalwood oil is pure?
Find out if the powder was DNA-tested to be absolutely sure it’s pure. The only way to be completely sure that the sandalwood powder is pure is to have it confirmed by DNA analysis. If the company verifies that their product has been DNA-tested, then you can be sure that the powder is pure.
Which sandalwood tree is best?
1. Indian Chandan. The most famous source of sandalwood, this small tropical tree is native to south India. It can grow up to 13- 20 feet in height and holds various medicinal properties.