Who made the drug thalidomide?
Thalidomide is a drug that was developed in the 1950s by the West German pharmaceutical company Chemie Grünenthal GmbH. It was originally intended as a sedative or tranquiliser, but was soon used for treating a wide range of other conditions, including colds, flu, nausea and morning sickness in pregnant women.
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Where did the thalidomide tragedy happen?
Experts estimate that thalidomide led to the death of approximately 2,000 children and serious birth defects in more than 10,000 children, with over half of them in West Germany.
What animal was thalidomide tested on?
Thalidomide is a sedative drug introduced to European markets on 1 October 1957 after claims of extensive testing on rodent embryos to ensure its safety.
Can you buy thalidomide?
Thalidomide is available only in a 28-day supply from a certified pharmacy under a special program. You must be registered in the program and agree to use birth control as required. Thalidomide may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
How many thalidomide babies are still alive?
Some were still born or died very soon after birth. It is widely believed that as many as 100,000 babies were affected by the drug in total. It is generally estimated that over 10,000 babies were born worldwide and today fewer than 3,000 survive.
Are thalidomide babies still living?
Today, fewer than 3,000 are still alive. In Britain, it’s about 470. Among the nearly 50 countries affected are Japan (approximately 300 survivors), Canada and Sweden (both more than 100), and Australia (45).
Is thalidomide still made?
Thalidomide was first marketed in the late 1950s as a sedative. It was given to pregnant women to help them overcome morning sickness – but it damaged babies in the womb, restricting the growth of arms and legs. About 10,000 Thalidomide babies were born worldwide until the drug was withdrawn in the early 1960s.
How do I order thalidomide?
In order to prescribe THALOMID® (thalidomide), you must enroll in the THALOMID REMS® program and agree to follow the requirements of the program. You can enroll by visiting CelgeneRiskManagement.com, a website that allows prescribers to handle the REMS process for all of the Celgene REMS programs.
How old would thalidomide babies be now?
The children of thalidomide are now in their late 50s and early 60s.
Are there any living thalidomide babies still?
Hur sprids tuberkulos genom luften?
Tuberkulos förebyggs genom screeningtester och vaccinering, oftast med BCG -vaccin. Tuberkulos sprids genom luften när människor med sjukdomen hostar, nyser eller spottar. En fjärdedel av världens befolkning har infekterats med M. tuberculosis och infektionstakten uppskattas till en person per sekund i världen.
När började tuberkulos diagnostiseras?
Den pulmonella formen som associeras med tuberkelbakterierna etablerades som en patologi av Richard Morton 1689, men på grund av att sjukdomen har så många symtom identifierades tuberkulos som en enskild sjukdom först under 1820-talet och sjukdomen benämndes “tuberkulos” först 1839 av Johann Lukas Schönlein.
Vad är orsaken till tuberkulos?
Tuberkulos drabbar framför allt lungorna men kan även angripa organ som centrala nervsystemet, könsorganen, blodomloppet, skelettet, leder eller huden. Tuberkelbakterien upptäcktes och renodlades 1882 av Robert Koch, som genom djurexperiment även påvisade att den var orsaken till tuberkulos.