What method of sterilization is appropriate for surgical room?
Autoclave: Autoclave sterilisation is safe method of sterilization; it kills bacteria, spores, viruses and fungus. [11,12] For this, all items are arranged inside autoclave in a way that allows steam to circulate freely.
What needs to be sterilized in a hospital?
Items that come in contact with bodily fluids or feces, such as bedpans and urinals, need to be disinfected in a “washer disinfector” machine. But the vast majority of medical equipment will require disinfection and then sterilization.
What is HEPA filter in operation theatre?
For orthopaedic and other implant surgery, laminar-flow systems are used with high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters where particles >/=0.3 microm are removed. The use of ultra-clean air has been shown to reduce infection rates significantly in orthopaedic implant surgery.
What is fumigation of OT?
By maintaining sterile environment in operation theatre we can control major part of exogenous infections. Fumigation is the process by which we can sterilize the enclosed area by injecting the chemical which will kill or destroy microbes present in the air.
How do you clean an operating room?
Clean and disinfect the operating theatre every morning, irrespective of whether it will be used or not. Use warm, soapy water to clean, then wipe with a cloth soaked in clean water to move any soap (or detergent)residue. Finally, wipe with the disinfectant solution.
What are the temperature and humidity maintained in an OT?
Temperature and Humidity: The temperature should be maintained at 210C ± 30C inside the OT at all times with corresponding relative humidity between 20 to 60%.
Which gas is used in fumigation of OT?
Fumigation with formaldehyde vapor is the recognized and most commonly used method because of its cost effective procedure (Alternative: vaporized hydrogen peroxide; expensive).