How do you manage syncopal attacks?
Elevating the head of your bed while sleeping. You can do this by using extra pillows or by placing risers under the legs of the head of the bed. Avoiding or changing the situations or “triggers” that cause a syncope episode. Biofeedback training to control a fast heartbeat.
What is the management of syncope?
Treatment of patients with syncope focuses on the underlying cause of the symptom. For neurally mediated syncope, treatment can include patient education, tilt training (ie, repeated frequent tilting until the patient’s positive response becomes negative), pharmacological agents, and dual chamber pacing.
What do you do during a syncopal episode?
Try to lower your body down to the ground and elevate your legs higher than your head. This helps support blood flow back to the brain and may be enough to prevent a syncopal episode. And if you do faint, sitting or lying down will also help you avoid injuries from falling, such as hitting your head.
How do you position a syncope patient?
If syncope occurs, the patient should be placed in a supine position with legs elevated and oxygen administered. Simulation practice with dentist and staff is advised to boost diagnosing and treatment skills.
What is the first aid for fainting?
Position the person on his or her back. If there are no injuries and the person is breathing, raise the person’s legs above heart level — about 12 inches (30 centimeters) — if possible. Loosen belts, collars or other constrictive clothing. To reduce the chance of fainting again, don’t get the person up too quickly.
What drugs can cause syncope?
Which drugs may cause syncope?
- Agents that reduce blood pressure (eg, antihypertensive drugs, diuretics, nitrates)
- Agents that affect cardiac output (eg, beta blockers, digitalis, antiarrhythmics)
- Agents that prolong the QT interval (eg, tricyclic antidepressants, phenothiazines, quinidine, amiodarone)
What are the principles of emergency care for fainting syncope?
Do you administer oxygen during syncope?
Administer oxygen at 8-15 L/min by non-rebreather mask or 100% by ambu bag, as needed.
Is syncope a medical condition?
What is syncope? Syncope (SINK-a-pee) is another word for fainting or passing out. Someone is considered to have syncope if they become unconscious and go limp, then soon recover. For most people, syncope occurs once in a great while, if ever, and is not a sign of serious illness.
How do you take care of a fainted person?
If someone else faints
- Position the person on his or her back. If there are no injuries and the person is breathing, raise the person’s legs above heart level — about 12 inches (30 centimeters) — if possible.
- Check for breathing. If the person isn’t breathing, begin CPR.
Which action is appropriate when assisting a victim who has fainted?
If a person notices that somebody is fainting, has fainted, or is about to faint, they can help by doing the following: Help the person lie down on their back. Check for any injuries. Raise their legs above heart level to restore blood flow to the brain.
How can you prevent syncope?
These might include:
- Avoiding triggers, such as standing for a long time or the sight of blood.
- Moderate exercise training.
- Discontinuing medicines that lower blood pressure, like diuretics.
- Eating a higher salt diet, to help keep up blood volume.
- Drinking plenty of fluids, to maintain blood volume.
Which medicine is best for fainting?
A drug called fludrocortisone acetate that’s normally used to treat low blood pressure may be helpful in preventing vasovagal syncope. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors also may be used.