Is Potassium formate soluble in water?
Potassium formate has also been studied as a potential environmentally friendly deicing salt for use on roads….Potassium formate.
|Melting point||167.5 °C (333.5 °F; 440.6 K)|
|Solubility in water||32.8 g/100 mL (0 °C) 331 g/100 mL (25°C) 657 g/100 mL (80 °C)|
|Solubility||soluble in alcohol insoluble in ether|
What is cesium formate used for?
The primary use of cesium formate flu- ids in oil and gas wells is to control well pressures while drilling or completing wells. Cesium formate is the heaviest of the monovalent alkali metal salts, all of which are very soluble in water and form high density fluids with a range of beneficial properties.
How is potassium formate made?
Potassium formate is produced by reacting carbon monoxide with potassium hydroxide in accordance with Reaction I below.
Is potassium formate a salt?
Potassium formate is the potassium salt of formic acid. It has a role as a buffer. It is a potassium salt and a one-carbon compound.
Why is cesium used for drilling?
When drilling a borehole to extract oil and gas, cesium formate is poured down the inside of the drill shaft, where it exits through the drill bit. This maintains hydrostatic pressure in the well and protects drilling polymers from thermal degradation while cooling and cleaning the drill bit.
What is the difference between sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate?
Potassium benzoate is used in carbonated drinks, such as waters and sodas, diet and regular. Sodium benzoate is more widely used than potassium benzoate. However, when sodium content needs to be reduced, potassium benzoate is usually the substitute.
What is in an potassium formate solution?
Potassium Formate solution is a clear, near colourless liquid which is manufactured from Potassium Hydroxide and Formic Acid to produce strengths of 50% to 75%.
Why is salt water used in oil drilling?
By: RK Energy SALT WATER ORIGINATION The process of oil and gas production creates millions of gallons of hazardous brine, also known as salt water, every day. This salt water contains various chemicals for extracting impurities out of the oil and gas and has an extremely high salt content, making it dangerous.
What is cesium drilling fluid?
1. n. [Drilling Fluids] A neutral to slightly alkaline salt of cesium hydroxide and formic acid having the formula HCOO–Cs+. It is extremely soluble in water. An 82 wt% cesium formate solution has a density of 2.4 g/cm3 [19.9 lbm/galUS].
What is the density of potassium formate?
Potassium formate fluids can reach a density of 13.1 ppg at saturation. Potassium formate brines are very inhibitive in not allowing reservoir shales to hydrate, migrate, and/or swell thus preventing formation damage or hole stability issues when used as a reservoir drilling fluid.
What is the CAS number for potassium formate 75% solution?
CAS number: 590-29-4. Potassium formate 75% solution can be used for oildrilling and completion fluids, deicer, secondary heat transfer fluid.
Why saturated potassium formate brine?
Potassium formate brines are very inhibitive in not allowing reservoir shales to hydrate, migrate, and/or swell thus preventing formation damage or hole stability issues when used as a reservoir drilling fluid. In addition saturated potassium formate is very lubricious and provides excellent hydrate inhibition.
Can sodium potassium and cesium formate be blended together?
Although not economic, sodium, potassium and cesium formate can be blended together. Sodium and Potassium Formate brines can be blended in densities from 11.0 lb/gal to 13.1 lb/gal. Blends lower than 11.0 lb/gal are made when lower TCTs are needed and/or additional shale inhibition is required.