What are the medical terms for your toes?
Phalanges (singular: phalanx) – the 14 bones that make up the toes. The big toe consists of two phalanges – the distal and proximal. The other toes have three. Sesamoids – two small, pea-shaped bones that lie beneath the head of the first metatarsal in the ball of the foot.
What is the medical term for middle toe?
the first toe, also known as the hallux (“big toe”, “great toe”, “thumb toe”), the innermost toe; the second toe, (“Index toe”, “pointer toe”), the third toe, (“middle toe”); the fourth toe, (“fore toe”); and (fourth toe) the fifth toe, (“baby toe”, “little toe”, “pinky toe”, “small toe”), the outermost toe.
What is the bottom of the foot known as in medical terms?
Planta pedis – the bottom of the foot; called also sole. Plantalgia – pain in the sole of the foot. Plantar reflex – plantar flexion of the foot when the ankle is grasped firmly and the lateral border of the sole is stroked or scratched from the heel toward the toes.
What are the different parts of the foot called?
The feet are divided into three sections:
- The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals).
- The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet.
- The hindfoot forms the heel and ankle.
What is the hallux toe?
Hallux refers to the big toe, while rigidus indicates that the toe is rigid and cannot move.
What is the anatomical term for foot?
The foot can be divided into three anatomical sections called the hind foot, mid foot, and forefoot. The hind foot consists of the Talus bone or ankle bone and the calcaneous bone or heel bone. The calcaneous bone is the largest bone in your foot while the talus bone is the highest bone in your foot.
What is the midfoot area?
The midfoot is the middle region of the foot, where a cluster of small bones forms the arch on the top of the foot. From this cluster, five long bones (metatarsals) extend to the toes. The bones are held in place by strong ligaments, known as the Lisfranc joint complex, that stretch both across and down the foot.
Is metatarsal part of toe?
The forefoot includes the metatarsal bones, phalanges (toe bones) and their connective soft tissues. Many conditions can cause pain in the metatarsals and toes.
Where are the metatarsals in your foot?
The metatarsal bones are the bones of the forefoot that connect the distal aspects of the cuneiform (medial, intermediate and lateral) bones and cuboid bone to the base of the five phalanges of the foot. There are five metatarsal bones, numbered one to five from the hallux (great toe) to the small toe.
What is dorsum of the foot?
The dorsum of foot is the area facing upwards while standing.
Where is the forefoot and midfoot?
The midfoot and forefoot are the regions of the foot distal to the talus and calcaneus and are critical to weight bearing and movement. They help support the arch of the foot, provide shock absorption, and convert vertically oriented forces into horizontal forward and propulsive movement.
What is the forefoot area?
The forefoot consists of your toe bones, called phalanges, and metatarsal bones, the long bones in your feet. Phalanges connect to metatarsals at the ball of the foot by joints called phalange metatarsal joints.
What is the tarsal navicular?
Human anatomy The navicular bone in humans is one of the tarsal bones, found in the foot. Its name derives from the human bone’s resemblance to a small boat, caused by the strongly concave proximal articular surface.
What is navicular foot?
The navicular bone is one of the seven bones which make up the tarsus of the Ankle and Foot. It is located on the medial aspect of the foot, next to the cuboid bone, anterior to the head of the talus and posterior to the cuneiform bones. It is one of the five bones of the midfoot.