# What is the difference between Einstein and Debye models in explaining specific heat of solids at constant volume?

## What is the difference between Einstein and Debye models in explaining specific heat of solids at constant volume?

The key difference between Debye and Einstein model is that the Debye model treats vibrations of the atomic lattice as phonons in a box whereas Einstein model treats solids as many individual, non-interacting quantum harmonic oscillators.

What is the formula of Debye temperature?

The temperature θ arising in the computation of the Debye specific heat, defined by k θ = h ν, where k is the Boltzmann constant, h is Planck’s constant, and ν is the Debye frequency. Also known as characteristic temperature.

### What is Debye model for density of states?

The Debye model assumes that atoms in materials move in a collective fashion, described by quantized normal modes with a dispersion relation ω = v s | k | . The phonon modes have a constant density of ( L / 2 π ) 3 in the reciprocal / -space.

What is the specific heat capacity of solid?

Definition. In other words specific heat of a solid or liquid is the amount of heat that raises the temperature of a unit mass of the solid through 1° C. We symbolise it as C. In S.I unit, it is the amount of heat that raises the temperature of 1 kg of solid or liquid through 1K.

#### What is specific heat capacity of a solid?

The amount of heat required to increase the temperature of a unit mass of a solid by a unit amount. The term “specific heat” is short for “specific heat capacity” of a solid. It is determined by the vibrations of the solid’s atoms or excitations of its electrons, and also by a variety of phase transitions.

How do you find the specific heat capacity of solids and liquids?

Pour a measured mass of boiling water (100 °C) into this. The temperature of the copper rises from room temperature, t1 °C, to a final temperature, t2 °C, while the temperature of the copper falls from 100 °C to t2 °C. The specific heat capacity of the copper is then given by mCu CCu (t2 − t1) = mH2O (100 − t2).

## What is specific heat of solid?

The specific heat (short for specific heat capacity) of a solid is the amount of heat required to. increase the temperature of a unit mass of the solid by a unit amount. It is determined by the vibrations of its atoms or excitations of its electrons, and also by a variety of phase transitions.

How do you determine the specific heat of a solid?

Record the weight of calorimeter with stirrer and lid over it. Add water (temperature between 5 to 8℃) to the calorimeter at half-length and weigh it again. Heat the hypsometer till the temperature of the solid is steady. Note the temperature of water in calorimetry.

### How would you find the specific heat capacity of solid?

So, to raise the temperature of µ moles of solid through ∆T, you would need an amount of heat equal to ∆Q=µ C ∆T. The molar specific heat capacity of a substance is nothing but the amount of heat you need to provide to raise the temperature of one gram molecule of the substance through one degree centigrade.

How do you find the specific heat capacity of a solid?

` = Q_(2) + Q_(1)` Using this equation , the specific heat capacity of the solid can be determined (measured ) when the other quantities are known.

#### What is the Debye model in physics?

In thermodynamics and solid state physics, the Debye model is a method developed by Peter Debye in 1912 for estimating the phonon contribution to the specific heat (heat capacity) in a solid.

What is Debye’s model of phonons?

The Debye model is developed by Peter Debye in 1912.He estimated the phonon contribution to the heat capacity in solids. The Debye model treats the vibration of the lattice as phonons in a box, in contrast to Einstein model, which treats the solid as non-interacting harmonic oscillators.

## What is Deadeye model for heat capacity in solids?

DEBYE MODEL FOR HEAT CAPACITY IN SOLIDS 1. INTRODUCTION The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of the substance by one kelvin.

What is Debye’s derivation of the heat capacity?

In Debye’s derivation of the heat capacity he sums over all possible modes of the system. That is: including different directions and polarizations. He assumed the total number of modes per polarization to be on both sides is because of the three polarizations, so the sum runs over all modes for one specific polarization.